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Bms fruit tree project new york) Fruit trees can be grown in an alley between rows of the beds. Controlling pests and diseases fruit trees require far less upkeep than fruit tree gardeners might imagine. Therefore, with minimal expenses and work, you can reap years of pleasure from your fruit trees.
You may choose between low-maintenance and high-maintenance varieties. Low-maintenance fruit trees, for example, include deciduous apples and pears that fruit every spring and fall, as well as dessert apples that ripen in autumn. Grow a single variety and plant it next to a wall for easy harvesting.
High-maintenance varieties grow larger fruits and need more care. Such fruit trees include apples, figs, pears, and plums. For example, you could grow half-dozen varieties of apple trees together, but place them in separate or staggered spaces around a fence or wall to make harvesting easier.
For a low-maintenance garden, plant a fruit tree in a container. Container-grown fruit trees have some of the benefits of the larger trees but also enable you to space them closely together, one or two varieties in a tray or tub, or three to four. In these close, somewhat more crowded confines, fruit tends to grow faster and ripen sooner than when grown in a tree bed. This extra benefit is ideal for you if your fruit-growing interests are short-term. For a longer-term fruit garden, plant a fruit tree in a standard-sized bed in your garden.
Choose a tree
In selecting a fruit tree, you want to find a variety that has the right flavor, shape, and size for you. Choosing a tree for a mixed-fruit garden is especially challenging.
Taste is a factor in selecting a variety for your fruit garden. Some apples and pears have an acid taste, which lends the fruit a sharp taste, these fruits include Honeycrisp, Jonagold, Cortland, Macoun, and Seekwood. The sugars in these varieties are soft, making the fruit sugary, sweeter, and less tart. Tart apples include Liberty and North Sweet. On the other hand, Honey Delicious apples are sweeter but are low in acid and may be susceptible to scald. In short, choose an apple variety that you like. But if you like variety, you'll want to mix apples with pears or a mix of both to get the best of both worlds.
Take a look at the size of the tree you need, both in height and circumference. For a mixed garden, you need a tree with a fruit that is close in size to another. Then the total weight of apples and pears on the tree should be a suitable size to allow easy harvest by your friends. If you want larger apples, plant them in a low hedge or fence alongside a wall or arbor. And if you plan to sell your produce, then consider a tree that has large, showy apples. However, remember that fruit, particularly when it's red, yellow, orange, or ripe green, is a magnet for insects.
Adding color and beauty
Your fruit trees have such a bright future ahead that you may also want to add splashes of color to your garden. Many apple varieties have interesting skin coloring, either an all-red color or a color that's partially orange, yellow, and red. Apples in these colors are incredibly photogenic. They will look great in any garden, along a fence or alongside the house. You could plant even more than you need for your fruit tree and leave a few unharvested for an interesting twist. Red Delicious and Pink Lady apples, for example, grow large but have a poor flavor and are often red to a greenish yellowish color. But you could leave them in the garden for a splash of color and fun. Or you could pick a small red Delicious apple to eat as a snack.
Fruit trees may have beautiful blossoms, or they may be small and lacking in blossom, depending on the variety. But, of course, you can always buy a small fruit tree with pretty flowers to give the garden a lift. And, depending on the amount of fruit you want to harvest, you can leave or remove flowers for a prettier garden.
Keeping fruit trees healthy
Apples and pears are hardy trees. They may need protection during the winter, but they're usually not killed by the harsh winds of the winter months. In fact, you can grow fruit trees as early as mid-March in areas such as New England where the temperature rarely dips below freezing.
Watering fruit trees can be a challenge if you live in an area with a warm-summer or cool-winter climate. Warm summers can present a problem because a dry, hot summer tends to dry out the soil. Cool winters pose problems because they may cause soil to freeze, causing ice to form around the roots of the trees, keeping the water from reaching the roots.Některé ovocné stromy zemřou, pokud je nezaléváte, ale většina z nich bude růst a ovoce normálně s dostatečným zaléváním. Jedním z ovocných stromů, který potřebuje pravidelné zalévání, je švestka, která je těžkým výrobcem a měla by být pravidelně napojena jednou týdně, aby byla ovoce. Dobře udržovaný švestkový strom s dobrým kořenovým materiálem vás přežije. Pokud pěstujete jakýkoli ovocný strom, musíte udržovat půdu kolem jejích kořenů zdravých a hydratovaných. Chcete -li tak učinit, nezapomeňte zalévat stromy při prvním známce sucha. Také nenechte půdu vyschnout.